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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-82

A retrospective study of panoramic radiographs for zygomatic air cell defect in children

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Perumattom, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Srikanth H Srivathsa
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Perumattom, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulum, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-6816.138469

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Background and Aim: The aim was to determine the prevalence of zygomatic air cell defect (ZACD) among children of Indian origin and also to determine the dominant form of ZACD. Materials and Methods: One thousand six hundred and eighty-eight routine panoramic radiographs of subjects between 7 and 18 years, processed between January 2006 and January 2009 were screened, recorded and analyzed for ZACD. Results: Of the 1688 panoramic radiographs examined, 768 were of males and 920 of females. The radiographs were divided into two groups, Group I comprising of subjects in the age 7-12 years and other Group II in the age range 13-18 years. ZACD was found in 50 subjects, accounting for prevalence of 2.96%. Other occurrences found were unilateral 38 cases, bilateral 12, unilocular 20 and multilocular 42 respectively. Conclusion: This study described the prevalence and characteristics of ZACD among selected Indian children. It is essential to know and determine this variant of normal anatomy and differentiate it from pathologies.

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