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EDITORIAL
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-2

Recognizing dental caries early: The role of calibration in the prevention of dental caries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries


Rector, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, SJOS Riyadh 11681, Saudi Arabia

Date of Web Publication2-Feb-2015

Correspondence Address:
Abdullah R Al-Shammery
Rector, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, SJOS Riyadh 11681
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-6816.150577

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How to cite this article:
Al-Shammery AR. Recognizing dental caries early: The role of calibration in the prevention of dental caries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Saudi J Oral Sci 2015;2:1-2

How to cite this URL:
Al-Shammery AR. Recognizing dental caries early: The role of calibration in the prevention of dental caries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Saudi J Oral Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Aug 15];2:1-2. Available from: http://www.saudijos.org/text.asp?2015/2/1/1/150577

Any strategy on disease prevention measures should of necessity include, among other things, teaching and showing the people who would prevent the disease signs and symptoms of the disease. The mantra of practically all health caregivers that "prevention is better than cure" is as true today as it was when the sentence was first used.

A very important tool that must be used in adequately preparing individuals to prevent any disease is calibration for recognition of incipient diseases. Dental caries which continues to be a major public health problem of the 21 st century is conspicuously a disease that can be significantly controlled by effective preventive measures.

One of the objectives of the Saudi Journal of Oral Sciences is health promotion and disease prevention, in particular oral diseases. The Journal therefore vigorously supports current efforts by the chief dental officers of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to put in place country-wide preventive measures to dramatically reduce the incidence as well as prevalence of dental caries among targeted populations of school children in GCC countries.

In order to achieve this worthy goal, calibration of the would-be examiners-dentists, dental hygienists and any other trained health officers - in recognizing incipient, progressive and frank caries, as well as other dental hard tissue destructions, is a necessary first step in the campaign of dental caries prevention. There must be achievable high levels of inter and intra examiner reliability in disease recognition through the calibration of examiners.

Saudi Journal of Oral Sciences believes strongly that calibration of examiners for the detection of dental caries in particular and other common dental hard tissue lesions/conditions, when successfully and satisfactorily carried out within and among the GCC countries will yield the following:

  1. Credible incidence and prevalence rates.
  2. National dental caries database.
  3. National/Regional established caries calibration centers.
  4. Evidence-based data on the use of fissure sealants and/or re-mineralizing agents.
  5. Standardized measurements and agreements by Kappa and other statistical methods.


In April and May 2014, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy (RCsDP), Riyadh hosted two calibration workshops on dental caries (and other hard dental tissue lesions) for participants at the first oral health survey from the GCC countries. The exercise involved didactic lectures/seminars, school visits, hands-on dental clinical workshop and open discussions at the end of each exercise.

The two exercises demonstrated a compelling need to effectively remove discrepancies in the recognition and diagnosis of dental caries in order to prevent "under-recognition/diagnosis" or "over treatment" among participants in real life situations in their respective countries. A strategy was successfully initiated on how each GCC country could affect the agreed recommendations in their respective countries in the context of national conditions and RCsDP has offered to be the foundation center to collate regional data on dental caries prevention outcomes.

Saudi Journal of Oral Sciences will continue to support examiners calibration and/or recalibration and offers to serve as a platform supporting dental caries research. Since all of us believe that prevention is better than cure, we certainly would agree that indeed a "stitch in time will save nine" when applied to dental caries prevention.




 

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