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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-78

An exploration of the effects of Commiphora glileadenis on a Streptococcus mutans biofilm


1 Department of Oral Medicine & Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University, Egypt, Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
2 Intern Dentist, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Dentistry, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
4 Environmental Biotechnology Department; Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute (GEBRI); City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications (SRTA- CITY), New Borg El-Arab, Alexandria city, Egypt
5 Biopharmaceutical Product Research Department; Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute (GEBRI); City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications (SRTA- CITY), New Borg El-Arab, Alexandria city, Egypt
6 Food Technology Department, Arid Land Cultivation Research Institute (ALCRI); City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications (SRTA- CITY), New Borg El-Arab, Alexandria city, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hossam A Eid
Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology. Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University, Ismailia
United Arab Emirates
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-6816.160767

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Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is an important bacterium involved in the first steps of dental biofilm formation with subsequent initiation of several oral diseases. Aim: To evaluate the influence of Myrrh plant extract on S. mutans and its biofilm formation. Material and Methods: The antibacterial activity of the Myrrh prepared plant extract was tested against S. mutans using disc diffusion method. The ability of the Myrrh plant extract to inhibit biofilm formation of S. mutans was also determined. Results: showed the ability of the tested Myrrh oil plant extract to cease the bacterial growth. The recorded clear zone is 11 mm with extract concentration 42.5%. Myrrh extract was able to inhibit the S. mutans biofilm formation in 78.5% inhibition percentage on fibroblast cellular viability. Conclusion: Myrrh plant extract has promising antibacterial effect as well as on biofilm inhibition of S. mutans. The significant antimicrobial effect of the Myrrh plant extract indicates about its promise in controlling S. mutans biofilm, which has suspected role in the etiology of dental caries and periodontal diseases.


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