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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-97

Effect of King Salman Center for Children's Health-sponsored school-based oral health education programs on oral health knowledge of government school students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia


1 King Salman Center for Children's Health, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Preventive Dentistry, Division of Community Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Preparatory Health Sciences, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Preventive Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Abdul Baseer
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Division of Community Dentistry, Annamuthajiya Campus, Riyadh Elm University, P. O. Box: 84891, Riyadh 11681
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_8_18

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Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of school-based oral health educational (OHE) projects on oral health knowledge of government primary and intermediate students sponsored by King Salman Center for Children's Health (KSCCH) in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: OHE data of 2013–2014 semesters and 2014–2015 first semesters of government (n = 813) primary and intermediate school students were extracted from the KSCCH projects undertaken by Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Student's oral health knowledge was assessed before and after OHE by administering pre/post-questionnaire. Total and topic-specific knowledge scores were reported and compared between gender, nationality, and educational level using nonparametric Mann–Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon's signed-rank test. Results: After the educational session, high and medium knowledge score categories showed an increase of 20.3% and 5.2%, respectively. On the contrary, low knowledge score category showed a decrease of 25.5% participants. This observed change was statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001). Comparison of correct responses between pretest and posttest showed statistically significant (P < 0.05) increase in correct responses in all the questions, except on the knowledge of effect sweet retention on teeth. Non-Saudi nationals and students in the intermediate level demonstrated significantly high mean knowledge ranks at posttest assessment (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Educational projects sponsored by KSCCH demonstrated a definite positive impact on oral health knowledge of government primary and intermediate school students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. For prolonged retention of oral health knowledge, repetition and reinforcement of OHE are necessary.


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