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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 151-155

The range of pathological diagnoses of oral diseases in Jordan: An 11-year-retrospective study

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Periodontics, School of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yazan Hassona
School of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, P.O Box 11942, Amman
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_17_20

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Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe the pattern of oral and maxillofacial diseases in Jordan and to compare it with global trends. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of pathology records in a major university hospital in Jordan was conducted. Age, gender, anatomical site, and pathological diagnosis were assessed. Results: A total of 1062 records were included. There were 525 (49.4%) females and 537 males (50.6%). The mean age of the study sample was 39 ± 18.7 years (range = 2–88 years). Nearly half of the lesions originated from the jaw bones (48.8%, n = 518), followed by oral mucosa (38.3%, n = 407), and gingivae (7.1%, n = 75). Cystic lesions were the most common type of pathologies (35.8%, n = 380), followed by reactive lesions (25.8, n = 274), and tumors (13.9%, n = 148). The most common individual pathologies were radicular cyst (19.8%, n = 210), followed by dentigerous cyst (11.3%, n = 120), and fibroepithelial polyp (8.8%, n = 93). Conclusion: Reactive and cystic lesions are the most common type of diseases encountered in the present study. The pattern of oral and maxillofacial diseases reported here is consistent with global trends.

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