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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 194-198

Problem-based learning in dentistry, implementation, and student perceptions


1 Department of General Dentistry, Penang International Dental College, Butterworth, Malaysia
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Penang International Dental College, Butterworth, Malaysia
3 Department of Oral Pathology, Penang International Dental College, Butterworth, Malaysia
4 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Penang International Dental College, Butterworth, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jayashri Tamanna Nerali
Department of General Dentistry, Penang International Dental College, Level 18.21, NB Tower, 5050, Jalan Bagan Luar, Butterworth
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_15_20

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Introduction: Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the most comprehensive and widely accepted student-centered tool for teaching and learning health professions education, wherein students define the problem, establish learning objectives, undergo self-directed learning and facilitate understanding of the problems. This study has been carried out with an aim of assessing 3rd year dental student's perception of PBL as a teaching and learning method over a 5-year period based on problem-solving and self-directed learning, cooperative learning, role of facilitator and product discussion. Methodology: The perception of 3rd year students from year 2014 to 2018 was assessed at the end of PBL sessions using a self-administered, structured questionnaire. Their responses were recorded using a five point Likert scale and data collected retrospectively was analyzed. Students' open feedback regarding the PBL process was also recorded and analyzed. Results: A total of 376 participants responded to the questionnaire (female = 250 [65%], male = 126 [35%]). Majority of students agreed that PBL improved problem-solving skill, self-directed learning and perceived that it had a positive impact on cooperative learning. Students also felt that PBL product discussion prepared them for future presentation and helped to clarify concepts. Conclusion: The results suggested that students had a positive attitude toward PBL and it improved their problem-solving skills as well as motivated them to learn and participate actively. Some students felt that PBL was time consuming, yet it was a fun and interesting way to learn.


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